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Posts Tagged ‘Falls’

Careful on That Ladder

It finally caught up with me. After 40-plus years of climbing ladders (mostly to get onto my roof), I recently fell off of one and injured myself.

On Dec. 13, in the middle of a relaxing afternoon, I decided to climb my extension ladder and get up on my roof to reposition a plastic tarp. Now, you must understand that in the past 37 years, I have treated hundreds of patients (mostly men) for injuries from falling off a ladder. Therefore, I have always promoted ladder safety, and I thought I had been very cautious when getting up and down on a ladder.

On this particular occasion, I climbed the ladder on my back deck to my one-story flat roof. I did what I set out to accomplish and then started back down the ladder.

I ever-so-cautiously placed my first foot on the top rung of the ladder. I started to put my other foot on the rung and, suddenly, I knew something bad was about to happen — I was going down.

In a split-second, with absolutely no chance of saving myself, I fell.

The ladder base had slipped away from the house, and I fell straight backward, landing 10 feet below, flat on my back, on top of the ladder.

I felt as if I had broken my back, it hurt so much. I lay there on top of my ladder for a few minutes — no one else was at home (another critical mistake). I realized I could move my legs and arms, so at least I knew I wasn’t paralyzed.

After a while, I managed to get up and hobble into the house. I felt like passing out from the pain and shock to my body.

My injuries turned out to include a broken right ankle, a cracked rib below my shoulder blade and a severely bruised and swollen lower back. The next day, I ended up with a cast on my leg, with instructions to not place any weight on that leg for four to five weeks. So I’m now hobbling around on crutches — not a pleasant experience — dealing with a pretty painful back. But I am slowly improving.

More than 2 million people suffered ladder injuries from 1990 to 2005. That equals about 135,000 injuries a year, and I’m sure there are many more that are not reported. The majority of ladder injuries happen at home, and mostly to men older than 40.

Injuries include but are not limited to:

• Death

• Permanent disability, from paralysis, pain or head, neck or back injuries

• Temporary disability, usually from a broken arm or a leg

• Painful arthritis in later years as a result of those injuries

• Loss of income

• Loss of recreational activities

• Loss of intimacy

My ladder safety recommendations:

• When you think about climbing a ladder, consider whether doing so is worth the risk of possible serious injury or disability.

• Never climb a ladder when no one else is at home.

• Always have another responsible person to work with you, to secure the base of the ladder and to be your conscience when you try to do something stupid (come on — we all do it) while up on the ladder.

• Check out ladder safety Web sites for information on proper ladder placement and safety.

To you ladder climbers out there, please read and think long and hard about what I have written. Women, show this article to your men. If it can happen to me, it can happen to anyone. Don’t kid yourself.

I thank God I’m alive after my accident. I see how easily, in a split second, I could have died or become permanently disabled. That just wouldn’t have been fair to my wife, my children or anyone who cares about me.

Ladders are not casual tools. They are as dangerous as a loaded gun — respect them accordingly.

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Falls In The Elderly

Falls are the leading cause of injury related emergency room visits in persons over 65 years of age.  The risk of falling increases with age and is greater for women than men. Falls are the leading cause of death from injury among the elderly.  Almost 10,000 deaths in older Americans are associated with falls every year. The most significant consequence of falling is the loss of independence. After a serious fall, an elderly person often suffers a decline in normal activities of daily living and is often permanently placed in an assisted living facility or in a nursing home.

Hip fractures are a frequent consequence of falls and occur to more than 250,000 elderly people at a health care cost of approximately10 billion dollars each year. Twenty five percent of those who sustain a hip fracture require life-long nursing home care. Other injuries from a fall include head injuries, lacerations, severe bruising and fractures of arms or legs.

Risk factors of falls and preventative measures are as follows:

Impaired vision:

  • Have regular vision checkups.
  • Add contrasting colored strips on the edges of first and last steps to identify change of level.

Lack of physical activity:

  • Exercise regularly to maintain muscle tone and strength.

Osteoporosis:

  • Work with your doctor to diagnosis and treat osteoporosis (thinning of the bones).

Medications:

  • Prescription pain medicine, sedatives, and anti depressant drugs are the biggest medication culprits in causing falls.
  • Beware of alcohol interacting with drugs.
  • Know the common side effects of your medications.

Home hazards:

  • Avoid throw rugs.
  • Reduce clutter.
  • Maintain adequate lighting.
  • Install grab bars around tub and toilet.
  • Keep commonly used items in easy reach.
  • Avoid using floor polish or wax to prevent slipping.
  • Remove caster wheels from furniture.
  • Use night lights.
  • Avoid steps stools and ladders.

I would love to start a campaign to have our society remove all concrete parking bumpers in parking lots.  They are accidents waiting to happen. The elderly tend to fall face first onto the pavement as I have witnessed all too many times in my practice. Please be extremely careful when walking to and from your car to avoid tripping over these bumper hazards.

As we age, we all need to move around more carefully and slow things down a bit to prevent falls and to help us enjoy a longer, healthier, and independent life.

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